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Sustainable Settlement

In the 2007 Sustainable Settlements Appraisal, St Nicholas, with Peterston super Ely and others was listed under 5.4:
"There is another category of isolated groups of dwellings in the countryside where sensitive infilling of small gaps, or minor extensions  to  such  groups,  may  be  acceptable.    Many  of  them  include  a  primary  school  and  a  public  house  among  the dwellings  or  other  comparable  services  that  make  them  more  appealing  in  terms  of  sustainability,  although  further consideration of these areas would need to include a strategic environmental assessment."

Bonvilston had been listed under 5.3:
"In  accordance  with  Planning  Policy  Wales  (2002),  in  order  to  provide  a  choice  of  housing,  whilst  still  safeguarding  the character and appearance of the countryside, a small number of settlements, that have a reasonable number of community facilities and transport services, have been identified as capable of accommodating some additional growth .  However, any new development would only be of benefit through the imposition of planning obligations to promote improvements in existing facilities,  the  provision  of  new  community  facilities  and  improvements  to  accessibility  with  a  particular  emphasis  on  public transport.  They are generally the larger populated rural areas (as listed below) that have sufficient population to sustain the additional services and facilities required for them to grow." 

St. Nicholas' key attraction was not it's rurality, but the A48 link to Cardiff, etc.

St Nicholas was given a population of 185

St. Nicholas was ranked 21st in terms of  services and facilities 

2013 Sustainable Settlements Assessment

  Objective  1:  To  assess  the  need  for  residents  to  commute  beyond  their settlement  to  access  key  employment,  retail  and  community  facilities (including education and health).  
  Objective 2: To measure the general level of accessibility of settlements by sustainable transport.  
  Objective  3:  To  measure  the  potential  for  residents  everyday  needs  for services and facilities to be met within that settlement. 

The revised  Sustainable  Settlements  Appraisal  [SSA]  seeks  to  "clarify  the  issues raised  surrounding  the  original  methodology  and  to recommend  changes,  where appropriate, to the settlement hierarchy in the Vale of Glamorgan LDP. As a result there have been some minor amendments to the weighting and scoring mechanisms used in order to make the study more robust and transparent. This has resulted in some changes to the initial ranking of settlements within the appraisal although there has been little change to the general position of settlements and the recommended settlement hierarchy."

Planning Policy Wales 
2.3   Planning Policy Wales [PPW] (5 th  Edition, 2012) states that “development plans need 
to  provide  a  framework  to  stimulate,  guide  and  manage  change  towards 
sustainability…” and that local planning authorities should: 
  Promote  sustainable  patterns  of  development,  identifying  previously developed  land  and  buildings,  and  indicating  locations  for  higher  density development at transport hubs and interchanges and close to route corridors where accessibility by walking, cycling and public transport is good;  
  Maintain and improve the vitality, attractiveness and viability of town, district, 
local and village centres;   
  Foster  development  approaches  that  recognise  the  mutual  dependence between  town  and  country,  thus  improving  linkages  between  urban  areas and their rural surroundings; 
  Locate development so that it can be well serviced by existing infrastructure; and  
  Ensure  that  development  encourages  opportunities  for  commercial  and residential uses to derive environmental benefit from co-location (paragraph 4.7.2 refers). 
2.4   In preparing Development Plans, PPW advises settlement strategies should seek to minimise the need to travel, increase accessibility by sustainable modes and promote a  broad  balance  between  housing  and  employment  opportunities  to  minimise significant commuting distances (paragraph 4.7.4 refers). 
2.5  In  this  respect  PPW  states  that  “major  generators  of  travel  demand”  should  be located  within  existing  urban  areas  or  other  locations  which  are  or  could  be,  well served by public transport, or could be reached by walking or cycling. These uses could include, for example: 
  Housing,  
  Employment,  
  Retailing,  
  Leisure and recreation, and  
  Community facilities including libraries, schools and hospitals. 
2.6  Planning  Policy  Wales  also  notes  that  “in  planning  for  housing  in  rural  areas  it  is important  to  recognise  that  development  in  the countryside  should  embody sustainability  principles,  benefiting  the  rural  economy  and  local  communities  while maintaining  and  enhancing  the environment…  In  order  to  safeguard  the  character and  appearance  of  the  countryside,  to  reduce  the  need  to  travel  by  car  and  to 
economise on the provision of services, new houses in the countryside away from existing settlements recognised by development plans, or from other areas allocated for development, must be strictly controlled” (PPW paragraph 9.2.22 refers).

St Nicholas contains a primary school, is 2.5km's from the retail parks at Culverhouse Cross

3.6  Furthermore,  the  Department  for  Transport’s  ‘Manual  for  Streets’  considers  that sustainable ‘walking neighbourhoods’ are typically characterised as having a range of facilities within 10 minutes walking distance (around 800 metres). It also notes that the propensity to walk is influenced not only by distance, but also by the quality of the walking  experience  in  terms  of  safe,  accessible,  attractive  and  stimulating  walking 
environments. The general safety and nature of the walking environment in accessing these  services,  particularly  relevant  in  the  rural  Vale,  will therefore need to be considered in the final groupings of settlements. 

Under the new rating system, St Nicholas rises to from 21st to 15th in the Sustainable Settlements Appraisal.

Dyffryn is ranked at 79, with 1 point.  
Nine anomaly results have been identified, including The Downs and St Hilary.

St Nicholas scored 3 points for the school, 4 for the X2 bus, 2 for the church and chapel, 1 for the post box, 1 for the sports pitch and play area and 1 for the proximity to Cardiff.

As a result, St Nicholas is one of twenty four ‘Sustainable Rural Settlements’ that have been identified.